Espresso, cappuccino, macchiato… We love it when you talk foreign. But what do those words mean, and how do you make the various kinds of coffee? Use our guide to become an at-home barista.


30ml espresso
It all starts with espresso. This is brewed using an espresso machine, which forces a small amount of just-about boiling water and steam (86° to 95°C) under pressure through finely ground, very dark roast coffee.


60ml espresso + dash of foamed milk
Macchiato (the word means “stained”) is a double espresso with a dash of foamed milk dropped on top.


60ml espresso + 300ml steamed milk + dash of milk foam
Caffè latte (the word means “milk”) is a double espresso, with steamed milk added and a dash of foam on top. The milk to coffee ratio is usually about 1:5.


60ml espresso + 60ml chocolate syrup + 30ml steamed milk
Also known as café mocha or mochaccino, this cup of joy is a chocolatey twist on a latte. Take a double latte, add some steamed milk, and then – here’s the good part – pour in a portion of hot chocolate syrup (dark or milk chocolate, it doesn’t really matter which).


60ml espresso + 90ml hot water
This is basically an espresso with hot water added. While that sounds like the same thing (and the strength remains about the same), it really makes a difference to the flavour, with an Americano tasting a lot like a normal, brewed coffee.


60ml espresso + 60ml hot milk + 60ml steamed milk foam
Prepping a cappuccino is like a three-act play. Act one is pouring espresso into the cup. Act two is pouring in a similar amount of hot milk. Act three is adding the milk foam (or cream, depending on which you prefer)… and then the encore is sprinkling cinnamon on top.


60ml espresso + 120ml steamed milk foam
Take a cappuccino, and instead of hot milk, just pour in more milk foam. Simple as that!


Swipe your RCS Card at South Africa’s leading grocery stores, and stock up on all the ingredients you need for that perfect cup of coffee! You can use your RCS Card at any of these stores.